Le Louvre is one of the most visited museums in the World. Le Louvre began as a fortress in the XII century but its French Renaissance architecture dates mainly from the XVI century and was transformed into a public museum during the French Revolution. French Kings and Emperors, as well as Presidents have left their mark on this palace. The highest quality materials, such as Saint Astier Natural Hydraulic Limes, are finding their natural place in the restoration, construction and maintenance of this architectural marvel.
NHL 3.5 was used for repointing the brickwork on Fire Station #44 in San Francisco, California.
Repointing Work and photos by Thameside Masonry
This private residence in Toronto, Canada, features a standard 3 coat process of lime renders.
First built in 1771, the Carmel mission is in the midst of its third renovation. In need of some serious repair due to damage from previous restorations where cement was used, NHL 2, 3.5, and 5 was used. In particular, the dome needed some special attention requiring some lime injection and use of NHL 3.5 to fill the cavities. NHL 2 was used to coat the dome to allow for some flexibility and then finished with a lime wash. NHL 5 was used in some lower areas of the mission that required some sloping.
Completed in 1607 under the King of France, Henri IV, the Pont Neuf (translates to New Bridge) is the oldest bridge in Paris. A complete restoration was undertaken in 2007 with Saint Astier Natural Hydraulic Limes.
Classified by the UNESCO as a World Heritage monument, Mont Saint Michel Abbey was founded at the beginning of the Christian era. The collegiate church dates from the IX and X centuries, but the site, as we see it today, has been developed over several centuries. Saint Astier Natural Hydraulic Limes were chosen due to its authenticity, sustainability and its ability to adapt to a marine environment for ongoing preservation, restoration and maintenance.
Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London, was built in 1078 by William the Conqueror. Throughout the centuries, it has been used as a fortress, a prison, a royal residence and an armory, and currently is the home of the crown jewels and a museum. Today, Saint Astier provides the Natural Hydraulic Lime mortars for maintenance and restoration.
Notre Dame is one of the most recognizable examples of Gothic Architecture in France and in Europe. Its construction began in 1163 and lasted for two centuries. Maintenance, restoration work, and preservation have used Saint Astier Natural Hydraulic Limes extensively, as do most French historical churches, basilicas, chapels and cathedrals.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870. The Restoration of the Fifth Avenue façade presented many challenges in balancing modern intervention with traditional restoration procedures. The selection, testing and ultimate adoption of Saint Astier Natural Hydraulic Lime mortars was based on ASTM, British Standards and European Norms. The masonry had suffered significant damage from the use of high-strength cement based mortar.
The Restoration of the Fifth Avenue Facades of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (pdf) by Timothy Allanbrook and Kyle C. Normandin, APT International Bulletin, Vol. XXXVIIII, No. 4.